Euphrates River

Euphrates River
   The Middle Euphrates river was a heavily fortified eastern frontier that bordered Sassanid Persia (qq.v.) until the Arab conquest of Byzantine Mesopotamia (q.v.) in 640. The Upper Euphrates, from the seventh through the ninth centuries, was a battleground between the Arabs and Byzantium (qq.v.). The fortresses of Kamacha and Keltzene formed the core of the theme of Mesopotamia (qq.v.) in the ninth century. In the 10th century, John Kourkouas, Nikephoros II Phokas, John I Tzimiskes, and Basil II (qq.v.) reestablished the empire's borders at the Euphrates once more. Melitene (q.v.) was reconquered in 934, Hierapolis was recaptured in 974, and Samosata (q.v.) once more fell under Byzantine dominion. However, by the end of the 11th century, the region was again lost, this time to the Seljuks (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Euphrates River — Turkish Fırat Nehri Arabic Al Furāt River, Middle East. The largest river in Southwest Asia, it rises in Turkey and flows southeast across Syria and through Iraq. Formed by the confluence of the Kara and the Murat in the high Armenian plateau,… …   Universalium

  • Euphrates River — noun a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia • Syn: ↑Euphrates • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Turkey, ↑Republic of Turkey, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • List of cities and towns on the Euphrates River — This article provides a detailed list of the cities and towns along the Euphrates River in order of country. Other landmarks along the way are provided for context. The river is approximately 2,781 kilometers (1,730 miles) long, For more… …   Wikipedia

  • Tigris–Euphrates river system — Tigris Euphrates river system Marsh Arabs poling a mashoof in the marshes of southern Iraq Ecology Ecozone …   Wikipedia

  • Tigris-Euphrates river system — infobox ecoregion name = Tigris Euphrates river system ecozone = Palearctic biome = Flooded grasslands and savannas climate = subtropical, hot and arid surface = 35 600 km² conservation = critical/endangered seas = none rivers = Tigris, Euphrates …   Wikipedia

  • Tigris-Euphrates river system — ▪ river system, Asia Introduction  great river system of Southwest Asia, comprising the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which have their sources within 50 miles (80 km) of each other in eastern Turkey and travel southeast through northern Syria and… …   Universalium

  • EUPHRATES — (Heb. פְּרָת; Dead Sea Scrolls Pwrt; from Akk. Purattu and Sumerian Buranun), the longest river (c. 1,700 mi., 2,700 km.) in Western Asia. In texts from the third millennium B.C.E. from Mari the river occurs as a deity. From its sources in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Euphrates — prop. n. an Asia river flowing into the Persian Gulf. Syn: Euphrates River. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pitru- (aka Pethor) Ancient village near Euphrates River — Ancient village off the Sajur river (+36° 39 16.62 , +38° 4 7.96 ), a western tributary of the Euphrates, aproximately 12.5 miles south of ancient Carchemish. Thought to be the Pethor mentioned in Numbers 22 as the home of Balaam the non… …   Wikipedia

  • Euphrates — For the song River Euphrates by the Pixies, see Surfer Rosa. Coordinates: 31°0′18″N 47°26′31″E / 31.005°N 47.44194°E / 31 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”